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Title: Economic growth and transport: on the road to sustainability
Authors: Sousa, C.
Roseta-Palma, C.
Martins, L. F.
Keywords: Sustainability
Economic growth
Transport sector
Environmental Kuznets curve
Public policies
Non-linear cointegration
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: Transport sustainability is an essential driving force towards achieving sustainable development. In particular, greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction policies cannot overlook the growing importance of the transport sector as economies expand. In this context, it is important to assess the relationship between carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the transport sector and economic growth, in order to design adequate transport policies. This paper tests the stated relationship for the Portuguese transport sector, using a non-linear cointegration methodology for the first time in this field. The main conclusion is that gross domestic product (GDP) and CO2 emissions from transport exhibit an increasing monotonic relationship, indicating that economic growth per se will be insufficient to mitigate the emissions. Therefore, it is necessary to search for concrete public policies that can influence both passenger travel behaviour and freight mobility plans, so as to reduce CO2 emissions without compromising economic development.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1111/1477-8947.12060
ISSN: 0165-0203
Accession number: WOS:000351775600002
Appears in Collections:BRU-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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