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Title: Distress and job satisfaction after robbery assaults: a longitudinal study
Authors: Giorgi, G.
Leon-Perez, J. M.
Montani, F.
Courcy, F.
Arcangeli, G.
Keywords: Stress
Stress management
Workplace hazard
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: Background: External/intrusive violence at work can result in psychological distress and can be an important risk to employee health and safety. However, the vast majority of workplace violence studies have employed cross-sectional and correlational research, designed to examine immediate reactions after being assaulted at work. Aims: To explore whether exposure to robbery as a traumatic event may contribute to the onset of typical symptoms of psychological distress (anxiety depression, dysphoria and loss of confidence) and job dissatisfaction over time. Methods: We collected data by using a two-wave panel design, in which employees working the days of bank robberies, in an Italian bank, filled in a questionnaire between 48 h and 1 week after the robbery (T1) and 2 months after the robbery (T2). We performed structural equation models to evaluate the fit of different models to our data. Results: There were 513 participants at T1 (58% women) and 175 (34%) participants at T2 (62% women). There was a simultaneous association in which psychological distress leads to job dissatisfaction both following robbery and 2 months later. Conclusions: Our findings support a synchronous effects model and suggest that interventions after suffering physical assaults, apart from helping employees to recover their health, should consider restoring their trust and confidence in the organization. This study contributes to understanding the dynamic relationships between a robbery at work and its outcomes over time, by addressing several methodological deficiencies in previous longitudinal studies.
Peer reviewed: yes
DOI: 10.1093/occmed/kqv051
ISSN: 0962-7480
Accession number: WOS:000354724600006
Appears in Collections:BRU-RI - Artigos em revistas científicas internacionais com arbitragem científica

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